Oymyakon is a village (selo) in Oymyakonsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located along the Indigirka River, 40km northeast of Tomtor on the Kolyma Highway. Population: 800.
Oymyakon is known as one of the candidates for the Northern Pole of Cold, because on January 26, 1926, a temperature of −71.2 °C (−96.2 °F) was recorded there (however, this fact is arguable because the temperature was not directly measured but obtained by extrapolation). This is the lowest recorded temperature for any permanently inhabited location on Earth. It is also the lowest temperature recorded in the Northern hemisphere, except for an unofficial lowest recorded temperature of −77.5 °C (−107.5 °F) at Mount Logan in the Yukon, Canada. Only Antarctica has recorded official lower temperatures with the lowest being −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) near the Russian station of Vostok. The actual weather station is in a valley between Oymyakon and Tomtor. The station is at 750m and the surrounding mountains at 1,100 meters, causing cold air to pool in the valley.
Its name in the Sakha language means "non-freezing water"; due to the presence of a natural hot spring nearby. The ground there is permanently frozen.
Oymyakon has also been featured in at least two TV series—firstly in the episode The Winter's Tale of the 1996 PBS weather documentary series Savage Skies (USA version narrated by Al Roker, UK version narrated by actor Ian Holm), secondly in Oxford geographer Nick Middleton's television series and accompanying book on people who live in extreme climates discusses his visit to this village, and describes ways in which inhabitants cope with the extreme cold. Middleton describes how Oymyakon lies between two mountain ranges, trapping cold air in between the entire year. Extreme cold temperatures are frequently recorded during winter months in Oymyakon, with temperatures regularly dropping below −40 °C (−40 °F). In 2008, temperatures were observed well below this temperature, with −60.2 °C (−76.4 °F) recorded on both the 19th of January and 22nd of December.
The reportage of Sky news
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