вторник, 20 января 2009 г.

Russia in photos (Taimyr Peninsula part 1)

Taymyr Peninsula is a peninsula in Siberia that forms the most northern part of mainland Asia. It lies between the Yenisei Gulf of the Kara Sea and the Khatanga Gulf of the Laptev Sea in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia.

Lake Taymyr and the Byrranga Mountains are located within the vast Taymyr Peninsula.

The peninsula is the site of the last known naturally occurring muskox outside of North America, which died out about 2,000 years ago.[1] They were successfully reintroduced in 1975.[2]

Cape Chelyuskin, the northernmost point of the Eurasian continent, is located at the northern end of the Taymyr Peninsula
.

Красные скалы на реке Котуй
«Красные скалы на реке Котуй» на Яндекс.Фотках
Red cliffs near the river Kotui

Песец
«Песец» на Яндекс.Фотках
Polar fox


Посмотреть на Яндекс.Фотках
The waterfall

Putorana is the vast basalt plateau almost not disturbed by civilization raising on the north of East Siberia to the north of the polar circle. The main part of the plateau is occupied by the Putoransky Reserve established in 1988. The Putoransky Reserve is one of the largest in Russia.

To science, firstly geology and geomorphology, this mountainous area gives classical example of the so-called trappean, or stepped relief (Swedish word trapp means stairs). It's a complex of high flat-topped mountain massifs divided by deep and wide stepped canyons. Such relief appeared here after elevation of ancient lava plateau generated during giant burning hot basalt mass outflow (between Palaeozoic and Mesozoic eras) which led to occurrence of giant tectonic faults. Due to different solidity levels of horizontal basalt and tufa layers, slopes of the generated gorges acquired stepped character. Lava layer thickness in the central part of the Putorana reaches 1500 m with up to 40 layers vividly seen at outcroppings.

With time tectonic fractures have been expanded by glaciers and occupied by rivers and deep narrow lakes (Lama, Keta, Glubokoye, Khantayskoye, Ayan, etc.) creating the unique appearance of the plateau. These exotic fjord-like lakes reaching 100-150 km in length and up to 400 m deep are considered to be Siberian largest after lakes Baikal and Teletskoye. Another adornment of the plateau are numerous waterfalls, including the 108 m high waterfall in Kanda river valley considered to be one of the Russia's highest.

General climatic border lines divide the Putorana plateau in two directions determining the biodiversity level unexpectedly high for this latitude. One border line divides northern taiga and forest tundra, the other divides the plateau into western and eastern parts and defines the eastern distribution limit of the western taiga vegetation.

Vegetation cover is presented by larch taiga, sparse forests and mountain tundra. The flora list of the reserve counts about 400 higher plants species, including several rare, relic and endemic forms.

There are 34 mammal species in the reserve. Here lays the migration route of the Taimyr wild reindeer population of over 500 000 specimen. The plateau is the only habitat of one of the most poorly known hoofed animal inscribed into the Red Book of RF - the Putorana bighorn sheep (Ovis nivicola borealis). Having been isolated from the main population about 15 000 years ago, it has formed a separate sub-specie.

About 140 bird species have been noted in the reserve. Main part of them is nesting here, including rare prey birds like white-tailed eagle and merlin. The number of their nesting-places at the plateau is especially high. Numerous water reservoirs are stopover points for thousands of migrating birds.

Аян
«Аян» на Яндекс.Фотках
The river Ayan

в Путоранах-4
«в Путоранах-4» на Яндекс.Фотках
Near the lake Lama

Бирюзовые воды Дулисмара
«Бирюзовые воды Дулисмара» на Яндекс.Фотках
Turqiuose waters of Dulismar

5 комментариев:

Chernevog комментирует...

Another region that is not on the
"1000 Places You Must See Before You Die" list, but should be.

Very beautiful photos.

Chernevog комментирует...

When I saw these photos, I had to go to the "ethnicradio.net website which has a number of streams for various ethnic folk music from Russia. There is a stream for Taimyr traditional music, as well as for Russian traditional folk music.

This is another web site I stumbled onto while looking for streams of Karelian Folk Music, because I play a traditional karelian/finnish folk instrument.

Actually its not known who developed the instrument, because it is also played by the Estonians, the Lithuanians, and there is a Russian and Ukrainian version of the instrument as well. The Finnish name for it is a Kantele, but the Russian version is ancient and the name for it is the Gusli. Descriptions of the Russian version of the instrument go very far back, as far as the year 591 C.E. by a Byzantine Greek historian.

I dont know how I got this far off topic, but in case anyone is interested in traditional folk music of the various ethnic groups in Russia, the address for the main website is simply ethnicradio.net.

There is also another site that offers many music streams form Russia called 101.ru Professional Russian Internet Radio. that has hundreds of musical streams but I usually only listen to the stream that offers Russian Sacred Choral music.

But the other streams run the range from Russian rock, classical, world music, folk music, electronic music and so on.

lastochka комментирует...

Oh, I adore to listen this instrument)
I also like a lot harp, wind instruments and the asian drums.
Usually I listen to the Radio "Classic" and Radio "Jazz".But as far as I know now it's of air in the net.

Chernevog комментирует...

It's such a simple instrument, but if you are used to playing other instruments, particularly fretted ones, the hand placement on the strings is one that is difficult to get used to. One hand is used to mute strings you dont want to sound, and the other is used to either pluck or strum across the strings, which is almost the opposite of what one would be used to playing a guitar or similar instrument.

There is no other instrument that has a sound like it.

Sometimes the music stations that I listen to from Russia, like Ethnic.net. seem to vanish from the air for a day or so, and then come back later in the day, or a few days later, but they always end up returning.

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